The toponym Muranum appears for the first time in a milestone of the II century BC, but if the Roman origins of this Regio-Capuam station are clear, the etymology is uncertain: some think of the mulberry trees of which the territory abounded, who to the Greek word méruma, that is “cumulus”, because the buildings seem
Sports & natureHorseback riding in agritourism farms, horse riding, mountain biking and trekking on the Pollino, starting from the Campotenese plateau at 1100 m.
The territory also produces excellent olive oil and other exquisite flavors of Calabria. The village of Morano falls within the protected area of the Pollino National Park (about 40 thousand hectares) and is therefore subject to landscape and environmental restrictions. From this, which is the highest mountain in the South, on the most beautiful days you can see the three seas, Adriatico, Jonio and Tirreno. The Pollino countries, especially the most perched, are mostly of arbëresh, Albanian ethnic group. On the highest and stony slopes of the mountain resists the loricato pine, symbol of the Park, further down there are magnificent beech woods. All the surroundings of Morano lend themselves to beautiful excursions. A Park Visitor Center has recently been opened in a wing of the San Bernardino monastery.
Perfumes & Magic Of Pollino
Campotenese of Morano Calabro
Let's discover together Parco della Lavanda, the Provence of southern Italy.
Best flowering period from June 30th to August 5th.
True lavender (L. Angustifolia). it is a plant that grows spontaneously in the whole area of the Pollino National Park, at altitudes between 900 and 1300 meters above sea level, particularly common in the Campotenese area.
From a research carried out among the local elders, it emerged that until the middle of the last century, the harvest of spontaneous lavender was a source of income for the local populations. In particular, the districts 'Colice' and the 'estate of the princess' up to the district 'Campiglione', the district 'Barbalonga' up to 'Campizzo' were particularly rich in lavender. Here it was collected with the scythe and taken to a fountain near the district 'Laccata' where in part it was 'cooked' (distilled) and partly sold directly to the pharmaceutical industry Carlo Erba of Genoa.
Following the reforestation works, done in the years 50/60, a large part has disappeared and today the specimens present are in insignificant quantities.
Hence the idea of cultivating this spontaneous variety in the open.
Having established that it is a quality product, this plant has been given a name "Loricanda", so we can think of going further, looking for the possible outlets and undertaking the consequent initiatives. The idea and the company "Parco della lavanda" were born, as a model of reproducible development, to cultivate lavender to protect the territory.
The company aims to spread the cultivation of lavender to redevelop mountain or marginal rural environments where environmental degradation and abandonment loom, where conventional agriculture is not profitable or is in competition with wildlife.
The agricultural project Parco della Lavanda has been chosen with the primary objective of protecting the territory, convinced to bring development and arouse interest.
Lavender agriculture is sustainable only if organic. Since the lavender has antiseptic properties, in the mountains it is particularly free from pests and does not require interventions with pesticides.
The social and cultural aspect must also be considered a priority.
La vitalità dei piccoli centri e delle zone marginali è legata alle attività economiche fiorenti in loco.
Trasformare il prodotto agricolo Lavanda, è un po’ più che un’attività di nicchia, centinaia sono i prodotti trasformati della Lavanda: cosmetici, alimentari, erboristici e ornamentali.
Le lavorazioni sono adatte all’imprenditorialità e al lavoro femminile, e offrono una buona integrazione al reddito agricolo.
The Garden of Lavenders
The attempt to spread the knowledge of this plant as much as possible, has given rise to the need to create within the company the Lavender Park., A thematic garden with the main purpose of enhancing "the cultural, recreational and teaching ... ".
It was conceived thinking of a sort of "botanical garden" where to see, observe, learn to distinguish the various types of lavender combined with each other based on development and color. To give priority to the didactic aspect, the company also offers the possibility to learn:
1) The technique with direct experience, reproduction of plants by cuttings and planting of the same;
2) Drying, processing and use of flowers;
3) The steam distillation technique which transforms the fresh flower into "essential oil" by means of a didactic distiller;
4) Information on how and why lavender oil is used;
5) The soap-making technique (cold soap production) with the addition of lavender oil, also through direct experience.
6) Creation of scented chalks;
7) Creation of scented candles.
History & CutlureThe Nibbio:
private natural museum, documents the flora and fauna of Mount Pollino through the reconstruction of environments; it is hosted in the Pollino Naturalist Study Center, near the castle.