Cosenza, with a territory of 6 650 km², is the largest province of Calabria, the fifth province in Italy by extension. With 713,095 inhabitants, it is also the most populous province of Calabria, having however, a population density of only 110.44 inhabitants per km².
The territory of Cosenza is rather varied, characterized by a prevalence of mountains and hills in spite of flat areas, but with large stretches of coastline, and is divided into 155 municipalities. It houses the main centers and scientific and cultural institutions of Calabria, and is located at Arcavacata di Rende the University of Calabria, the first and largest university campus in Italy, as well as the first and most important university in the region.
The most important seaside resorts are: Praia a mare, Diamante, Belvedere Marittimo, Scalea, Cetraro, Paola, Fuscaldo, Fiumefreddo Bruzio and Amantea on the Tyrrhenian coast, Trebisacce, Rossano-Corigliano, Mirto and Cariati on the Ionian coast. The cultural and religious urban centers in the internal areas are: Mormanno, Castrovillari, Rocca Imperiale, Morano Calabro, Altomonte, Acre, San Giovanni in Fiore, San Marco Argentano and Bisignano. The most important mountain tourist resorts are: Camigliatello Silano, Lorica, Fago del Soldato and Silvana Mansio.
• Duomo di Cosenza is one of the best known and particular sacred buildings in Southern Italy; from October 12th 2011 it became “Heritage of a UNESCO World Heritage Culture”. The building is located in Piazza Duomo, the old Piazza Grande, once a barycentre of Cosenza nineteenth-century witness of all sorts of events that characterized the life of the city.
Free admission; opening: SMTWTFSS; winter time: 8.00 – 12.00 / 15.30 – 19.00 – summer time: 8.00 – 12.00 / 16.30 – 20.00
• Villa Rendano
• The Swabian castle, built as a fortress, towers over the Pancrazio hill with the Swabian castle. Built by the Saracens certainly on the ruins of the ancient fortress Bruzia, it was revised by Roger II in 1130, but, just 54 years later, the fatal earthquake of 1184 made it completely uninhabitable.
• Santuario del Santissimo Crocifisso, dating back to 863, repeatedly remodeled architecturally and stylistically, up to its current form; it is the convent of the friars minor of Cosenza
• Norman-Swabian Castle, located on the Pancrazio hill, hill overlooking the whole historic center of the city bruzia; the castle has undergone many changes over the centuries;
• Interactive museum of computer archeology
• National Gallery, located in Palazzo Arnone, the historic palace of Cosenza; it is an art gallery that houses works of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, while part of the museum is used for temporary exhibitions and galleries, species of contemporary art;
• Corso Telesio, the main artery of the ancient city of Cosenza, which has its roots in the sixteenth century Via dei Mercanti because it is the place of commerce. In fact, on its way each square and every street derives its name from the activity that once took place there (Piazza Piccola, Piazza delle Egori, Via degli Orefici, Piazza degli Speziali and Piazza dei Mercanti, just to name a few). Later he assumed the current name to celebrate the figure of Bernardino Telesio, a 16th century Cosentino philosopher and author of the famous De rerum natura iuxta its own principia.
• ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS – Piazza A. Toscano – tel. and fax 0984.813806;
Free admission; opening: always usable
This outdoor archaeological site collects various remains of ancient buildings dominated by a modern structure built in steel and crystal, partly paved in polished and partly in polished crystal, to reveal interesting findings that testify the stratifications of four epochs : Renaissance, Medieval, Roman, Brettia.
• WALL IN OPUS RETICULATUM AT THE CONVENT OF S. FRANCESCO D’ASSISI
Via Grotte di S. Francesco
Section of walls in a reticulated construction technique belonging to the upper part of the city walls of the Roman imperial age.