History & Cutlure
Its origins are lost in the long passage of time, while legend gives Ulysses the foundation of the city. The King of Ithaca, while returning to Troy, lands after a storm in a flat area between the Corace river and the Alessi river, where Squillace originates. Other historical sources see the founder of the city in Menesteo. The first name that is known of the municipality is Skyllation, a place that became an important communication center and a military and commercial port of great importance. Its port is perfectly described by Virgil in the Aeneid: ".... Hinc sinus Hercules is true east fame Tarents cernitur, attolit if diva Lacinia contra. Caulonisque arces et navifragum Scylaceum ... "
The city was never able to be autonomous, first dependent on Kroton, then conquered by Dionysius of Syracuse, it was submitted to Locri. At the end of the Second Punic War, it was conquered by Rome, and, on the site of the ancient Greek city, it was subsequently organized as a Roman colony. Between 123 and 122 a.C. the Greek city of Skillation became the Roman Scolacium, whose full name was "Colonia Minervia Nervia Augusta Scolacium". Scolacium was not built above the Greek structure but next door: the new city presented itself with the classical form of the Roman cities with a thistle and a decumanus with the forum, the baths, the amphitheater, the theater, the aqueducts and the various temples. So the city lost its role as a military and commercial port, but became a key point for road communication: a single step, easy access, between the Ionian coast and the Tyrrhenian coast. The passage of Spartacus, who with 60,000 rebels looted the Bruttio, putting Scolacium on fire, forced it to a subsequent recovery that lasted about a century. With the advent of Christianity in Scolacium in 71 AD, thanks to the intercession of the Bishop of Reggio Calabria, a diocese was opened. The Christian Scolacium, with the passing of the years was consolidated so much, to become a guide of the Calabrian dioceses.