Tropea (Tropaea in Latin and Τράπεια in ancient Greek, “Trupìa” in Calabrian) is a Calabrian town of ancient origins of 6 328 inhabitants of the province of Vibo Valentia.
The historic center
Its morphology is particularly important for its family and its style and its artistic ability and their life story and their life history are a story of a son and a son who has had a profound dream so you can live with in one a woman and a person who loves the heart of all others for and with his heart and his heart for his family and strain; it is divided into two parts: the upper part, where most of the population is located and where the daily life of the town takes place, and a lower part (called “Marina”), which is close to the sea and the port of Tropea. Other peripheral areas include the locality “Carmine” and the locality “Campo” (divided in turn into “Campo di Sopra”, which is mainly occupied by gardens and rural areas with some residential areas, and “Campo di Sotto” , where are located the local barracks of the Carabinieri Command, the Civil Hospital and the Hotel and Catering address of IS Tropea).
The city, in the upper part, is built on a rock overlooking the sea, at a height s.l.m. which varies between about 50 meters at the lowest point and 61 meters at the highest point. The historic settlement was once surrounded by walls and set on one side; it could only be accessed through doors equipped with defense systems.
The same topic in detail: Tropea Meteorological Station.
On the basis of the thirty-year reference average of 1961-1990, the average temperature of the coldest months, January and February, stands at + 10.5 ° C; that of the hottest month, August, is +24.9 ° C.
The average annual precipitation is around 900 mm and is distributed on average in 78 days, with a prolonged summer minimum and an accentuated peak in autumn-winter.
Legend has it that the founder was Hercules when, returning from the Pillars of Hercules (Spain), he stopped on the coasts of Southern Italy. Tombs of Magno-Greek origin have been found in the neighboring areas.
The story of Tropea begins in Roman times, when along the coast Sesto Pompeo defeated Cesare Ottaviano: south of Tropea the Romans had built a commercial port, near the present Santa Domenica, in Formicoli (toponym derived from a corruption of the Forum of Hercules ), of which Pliny and Strabo speak.
Due to its characteristic position of terrace overlooking the sea, Tropea played an important role, both in Roman times (attested by the granite quarry that is located about 2 km from the town, in the current municipality of Parghelia) both in the Byzantine era; there are many remains left by the Byzantines, such as the church on the promontory or the city walls (called “walls of Belisario”). After a long siege, the city was torn to the Byzantines by the Normans, under which it prospered. Tropea continued to prosper even under the rule of the Aragonese. On February 4, 2016 the Tropea Costa Dei Dei UNESCO Club was born.
Sanctuary of Santa Maria dell’Isola on the promontory (2009)
Known seaside resort, stands on a high promontory of tufa, overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the west coast of Calabria, in the province of Vibo Valentia. Of particular interest is the historic center of the city, with many noble palaces of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, perched on the cliff overlooking the beach below.Interessanti are the “portals” of the buildings that represented the noble families; some are equipped with large cisterns dug into the rock, which were used to accumulate the grain coming from Monte Poro, which was subsequently loaded by terracotta pipelines on ships moored under the cliff of Tropea. Symbol of the city is the Sanctuary of Santa Maria dell’Isola, which stands on a promontory facing the town.
Of notable interest is the Cathedral of Maria Santissima di Romania, an 11th century building, in Romanesque style, containing the sacred effigy of the Virgin of Romania, protector of the city. The ancient Convent of the Pietà, built in 1639. In addition, the city houses the diocesan museum, containing gold and silver of the cathedral and several artifacts from various eras. At the church, in the old premises of the Bishopric, a Diocesan Museum was established, with interesting paintings, sculptures and frescoes, artefacts and furnishings. Furthermore, the archaeological section has recently been opened. The Church of the Gesù located in the historical center and the Church of the Annunciation of the XVI century are of great artistic interest.
Palazzo Di Tocco
Palazzo De Mendoza