Sibari

Sibari

Cose da fare - generale

“I do not believe that there is anywhere in the world that is more beautiful than the plain where Yesbari was. All the beauty at once is brought together: the charming greenery of the surroundings of Naples, the vastness of the most majestic alpine landscapes, the sun and the sea of ​​Greece. »

(François Lenormant)
Sibari (ancient Greek: Σύβαρις, Sýbaris) is a fraction of the municipality of Cassano all’Ionio in Calabria. It was one of the most important cities (poleis) of Magna Grecia on the Ionian Sea, overlooking the Gulf of Taranto, between the rivers Crati (Crathis) and Coscile (Sybaris), gathered about 5 km from the sea but with independent mouths. The citadel is based on a predominantly tourist economy.

History
Sìbari was founded between two rivers, which the settlers gave the name of Crati and Sìbari, at the end of the VIII century BC from a group of Achaeans from the Peloponnese. Sybaris developed rapidly thanks to the fertility of its territory, oil, wheat and fruit were cultivated. According to Strabo, Yesbari was founded by Is of Elice. [1] Luxury, pride and idleness characterized the Sybarite people. The city ruled over four tribes and 25 cities. At the end of the VI century BC was shaken by various political events, when it was headed by Telys many aristocrats were forced to flee. At the request of Telys to deliver the Sybarite exiles, the Crotonians refused; the Sybarites, therefore, began the war with Croton. [2]

In 510 BC, after a 70-day war, the Crotoniates who with 100 thousand men filled a 50-stadium circuit (about 9 km), [1] led by the multi-Olympic champion Milone, conquered the city, diverted the river and submerged it . [1] In 444-443 BC there was the Panhellenic foundation of Thurii, from the name of a nearby source. [1] Later Thurii was subjected by the Lucans. The city lost importance and in 193 a.C. the Romans deduced there a colony, named Copy. [1] In 84 BC it was transformed into a town hall and in the imperial period, between the first and third century AD, it developed again. During the fifth and sixth centuries began to decline for the swamping of the area. A century later the area was completely abandoned.

Between myth and truth
Sybaris was one of the most flourishing colonies of Magna Graecia in its time, but this one had all the evils and vices of the world. The term Sibarita is still today indicated as a symbol of leisure, lust, perfidy, sensuality in women Sibarite, historians wrote unlikely facts about this polis. The population used haute couture at the time, they maintained close relations with the Etruscans and Ions, peoples dedicated to every kind of pleasure. The Sibarites were lovers of good food, and the great greedy, often organized banquets at the expense of the state, directed a careful attention to sexual pleasures, it is said that in summer women gathered in the lodges to learn the techniques of seduction from an instructor. The term Sibarita cruelty is used to define the arrogant and selfish character of a person, civilization was known as a meaningless people of honor and friendship.

The mythical and historical sources have merged over time into one corpus, this because over the years historians have deliberately reconciled these sources in a single whole, under an apparent historical truth. It is probable that some reconstructions were taken from oral stories, handed down from generation to generation. To date, the sources do not allow us to reconstruct the economic, political, social and cultural life of Sibari.

Sybaris in the present
Sìbari, as a fraction of the municipality of Cassano all’Ionio, arose in the sixties a few miles north of the archaeological sites of “Parco del cavallo”, “Prolungamento Strada” and “Casabianca”, contiguous among themselves, to which must be added “Stombi”, slightly distant from these three.

The growth of the inhabited center is due to land reclamation, financed by the then government, through the action of the Opera Sila consortium: along the lower course of the Crati the plain of Sibari, the largest of Calabria, was brought to light. Sibari has a strong propensity for tourism (in the Lakes of Sibari and in the Marina di Sibari there are various tourist villages) and agricultural activity.

The fraction has a population of about 5000 inhabitants and in recent years there have been many attempts to ask for municipal autonomy and attempts to set up Sibari Province, to raise the fate of the Cassanese nucleus. In the eighties and nineties he experienced a development for seaside tourism and culture. Agriculture produces citrus fruits, olives and rice.

Provincia Cosenza

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